Practice Support

Books and poems written by displaced people are important resources that support practitioners to listen to experiences of displaced people; stories told in their own words.

This list of resources below support occupational therapy practice with people who have been displaced. Scroll down to view categories including:

  • Peer-reviewed publications
  • Position papers
  • Peer-reviewed published chapters
  • Doctoral and Masters dissertations
  • Online platforms to engage peers
  • Occupational Therapy Association Special Interest Groups
  • Online professional development
  • Other resources

If there’s a resource that could make this page more helpful, please get in touch!

Peer-reviewed publications

Authored by occupational therapists about human displacement.

Adrian, A. (2013). An Exploration of Lutheran Music-Making among US Immigrant and Refugee Populations. Journal of Occupational Science, 20 (2), 160 – 172.

Algado, S. S., Gregori, J. M. R., & Egan, M. (1997). Spirituality in a refugee camp. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 64 (3), 138-145.

AlHeresh, R., Bryant, W., & Holm, M. (2013). Community-based rehabilitation in Jordan: challenges to achieving occupational justice. Disability and Rehabilitation, 35 (21), 1848 – 1852.

Bennett, K. M., Scornaiencki, J. M., Brzozowski, J., Denis, S., Magalhaes, L. (2012). Immigration and its Impact on Daily Occupations: A Scoping Review. Occupational Therapy International, 19 (4), 185–203.

Berr, K., Marotzki, U., & Schiller, S. (2018). Broadening the understanding of employment and identity of Syrian women living in Germany: A biographical study. Journal of Occupational Science, DOI: 10.1080/14427591.2018.1540356

Bishop, R., Purcell, E. (2013). The value of an allotment group for refugees. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 76 (6), 264-269.

Blankvoort, N., Arslan, M., Tonoyan, A., Damour, A. Q. & Mpabanzi, L. (2018). A new you: A collaborative exploration of occupational therapy’s role with refugees, World Federation of Occupational Therapists Bulletin, DOI: 10.1080/14473828.2018.1526560

Boyle, M. (2014). Occupational performance and self-determination: The role of the occupational therapist as volunteer in two mountain communities. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 61 (1), 6 – 12.

Burchett, N., & Matheson, R. (2010). The need for belonging: The impact of restrictions on working on the well-being of an asylum seeker. Journal of Occupational Science, 17 (2), 85- 91.

Campbell, E. J., & Turpin, M. (2010). Refugee settlement workers perspectives on home safety issues for people from refugee backgrounds. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 57 (6), 425-430.

Connor, S.A.M., & Polatajko, H. (2002). The individual as mediator of the person-occupation-environment interaction: Learning from the experience of refugees. Journal of Occuaptional Science, 9 (2), 82 – 92.

Copley, J., Turpin, M., Gordon, S., & McLaren, C. (2011). Development and evaluation of an occupational therapy program for refugee high school students. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 58 (4), 310-316.

Crawford, E., Turpin, M., Nayar, S., Steel, E. & Durand, J.L. (2016). The structural-personal interaction: Occupational deprivation and asylum seekers in Australia. Journal of Occupational Science, 23 (3), 321-338.

Darawsheh, W. B. (2019). Exploration of Occupational Deprivation Among Syrian Refugees Displaced in Jordan. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 73 (4), doi:10.5014/ajot.2019.030460. 

De Koker, R., Lambers, S. & Vercruysse, L. (2019). Occupational therapy at ‘Klein Kasteeltje’ in Brussels for children of asylum seekers who cannot participate in the Belgian schooling system. World Federation of Occupational Therapists Bulletin, DOI: 10.1080/14473828.2019.1570703

Eklund, M., & Morville, A. L. (2013). Psychometric evaluation of the Danish version of Satisfaction with Daily Occupations (SDO). Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 21 (3), 166 – 171.

Davies, R. (2008). Working with refugees and asylum seekers. In Pollard, N., Sakellariou, D., Kronenberg, F., & van Bruggen, H. (Eds.), A political practice of occupational therapy (pp. 183-190). Edinburgh: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone.

Driver, C., & Beltran, R.O. (1998). Impact of refugee trauma on children’s occupational role as school students. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 45, 23 – 38.

Gupta, J. (2012). Human displacement, occupational disruptions, and reintegration: A case study. World Federation of Occupational Therapy Bulletin, 66, 27-29.

Gupta, J. & Sullivan, C. (2013). The Central Role of Occupation in the Doing, Being and Belonging of Immigrant Women. Journal of Occupational Science, 20 (1), 23 – 35.

Horgagen, S. & Josephsson, S. (2010). Theatre as liberation, collaboration and relationship for asylum seekers. Journal of Occupational Science, 17 (3), 168 – 176.

Huot, S., Rudman, D. L., Dodson, B., & Magalhães, L. (2013). Expanding Policy-Based Conceptualizations of ‘Successful Integration’: Negotiating Integration through Occupation following International Migration. Journal of Occupational Science, 20 (1), 6 – 22.

Huot, S., Erin Kelly, E. and Jin Park, S.J. (2016). Occupational experiences of forced migrants: A scoping review. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 63(3), 186 – 205.

Hocking, C. (2012). Working for citizenship: The dangers of occupational deprivation. Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation, 41 (4), 391-395.

Ingvarsson, L., Egilson, S. T., & Skaptadottir, U. D. (2016). I want a normal life like everyone else”: daily life of asylum seekers in Iceland. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 23(6), 416–424.

Kwai-Sang Yau., M. (1997). The impact of refugee resettlement on Southeast Asian adolescents and young adults: Implications for occupational therapists. Occupational Therapy International, 4 (1), 1-16.

Mirza M. (2011). Disability and Humanitarianism in Refugee Camps: the case for a travelling supranational disability praxis. Third World Quarterly, 32 (8), 1527-1536, DOI: 10.1080/01436597.2011.604524

Mirza, M. (2012). Occupational upheaval during resettlement and migration: Findings of global ethnography with refugees with disabilities. OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health, 32 (1), 6 – 14.

Mansha, M., & Heinemann, A. (2012). Service needs and service gaps among refugees with disabilities resettled in the United States. Disability and Rehabilitation, 34 (7), 542 – 552.

Maroney, P., Potter, M., & Thacore, V. R. (2014). Experiences in occupational therapy with Afghan clients in Australia. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 61 (1), 13 – 19.

Mayne, J., Lowrie, D. & Wilson, J. (2016). Occupational Experiences of Refugees and Asylum Seekers Resettling in Australia: A Narrative Review, OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health, 36 (4), 204 – 215.

McElroy, T., Muyinda, H., Atimde, S., Spittal, P., & Backman, C. (2012). War, Displacement and Productive Occupations in Northern Uganda. Journal of Occupational Science, 19 (3), 198 – 212.

Moore, T. (2017). Strengths-based narrative storytelling as therapeutic intervention for refugees in Greece. World Federation of Occupational Therapists Bulletin, 73 (1), 45 – 51.

Morville, A-L. & Erlandsson, L. (2013). The Experience of Occupational Deprivation in an Asylum Centre: The Narratives of Three Men. Journal of Occupational Science, 20 (3), 212-223.

Morville, A-L., Erlandsson, L-K., Eklund, M., Danneskiold-Samsøe, B., Christensen, R., & Amris, K. (2014). Activity of Daily Living Performance amongst Danish Asylum Seekers: A cross-sectional study. Torture, 24 (1), 49 – 64.

Morville, A., Amris, K., Eklund, M., Danneskiold-Samsøe, B., & Erlandsson, L. (2015). A longitudinal study of changes in asylum seekers ability regarding activities of daily living during their stay in the asylum center. Journal Of Immigrant & Minority Health, 17(3), 852–859.

Morville, A-L.Erlandsson, L-K.Danneskiold-Samsøe, B.Amris, K., & Eklund, M. (2015a). Satisfaction with daily occupations amongst asylum seekers in DenmarkScandinavian Journal Occupational Therapy22(3), 207215. DOI: 10.3109/11038128.2014.982702 

Morville, A-L. & Jessen-Winge, C. (2019). Creating a bridge: An asylum seeker’s ideas for social inclusion. Journal of Occupational Science, 26 (1), 53-64, DOI: 10.1080/14427591.2018.1500933

Raanaas, R. K., Aase, S. Ø., & Huot, S. (2019). Finding meaningful occupation in refugees’ resettlement: A study of amateur choir singing in Norway. Journal of Occupational Science, DOI: 10.1080/14427591.2018.1537884

Roos, K., Wenger, I., Sowe, R. & Indermühle, Y. (2018). Addressing barriers to work for asylum seekers: Report from Switzerland, World Federation of Occupational Therapists Bulletin, DOI: 10.1080/14473828.2018.1540100

Smith, H. C. (2005). Feel the Fear and Do it Anyway’: Meeting the Occupational Needs of Refugees and People Seeking Asylum. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 68 (10), 474 – 476.

Smith, H. C. (2015). An exploration of the meaning of occupation to people who seek asylum in the United Kingdom. British Journal Of Occupational Therapy, 78 (10), 614–621.

Smith, Y.J. (2013). Resettlement of the Somali Bantu Refugees in an era of economic globalization, Journal of Refugee Studies, 26(3), 477-494, DOI:10.1093/jrs/fes039.

Smith, Y. J., Stephenson, S., & Gibson-Satterthwaite, M. (2013a). The meaning and value of traditional occupational practice: A Karen woman’s story of weaving in the United States. Work, 45 (1), 25–30.

Smith, Y. J. (2013b). We All Bantu – We Have Each Other: Preservation of Social Capital Strengths during Forced Migration. Journal of Occupational Science, 20 (2),173 -184.

Smith, Y.J., Cornella, E., & Williams, N. (2014). Working with refugee populations: An opportunity to enhance the occupational therapy educational experience, Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 61,20-27, doi: 10.1111/1440-1630.12037

Smith, Y.J. (2018). Traditional dance as a vehicle for identity construction and social engagement after forced migration, Societies, 8(67), doi: 10.3390/soc8030067

Steindl, C., Winding, K., & Runge, U. (2011). Occupation and participation in everyday life: Women’s experiences of an Austrian refugee camp, Journal of Occupational Science, 15(1), 36-42. DOI:10.1080/14427591.2008.968660

Stephenson, S. M., Smith, Y. J., Gibson, M., & Watson, V. (2013). Traditional Weaving as an Occupation of Karen Refugee Women. Journal of Occupational Science, 20 (3), 224 – 235.

Stickley, A. & Stickley, T. (2010). A holistic model for the rehabilitation and recovery of internally displaced people in war-torn Uganda. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 73 (7), 335 – 338.

Suleman, A., & Whiteford, G. (2013). Understanding occupational transitions in forced migration: The importance of life skills in early refugee resettlement. Journal of Occupational Science, 20 (2), 201-210.

Thornton, M. & Spalding, N. (2018). An exploration of asylum seeker and refugee experiences of activity: A literature review, World Federation of Occupational Therapists Bulletin, DOI: 10.1080/14473828.2018.1539282

Trimboli, C., & Taylor, J. (2016). Addressing the occupational needs of refugees and asylum seekers. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 63 (6), 434–437.

Trimboli, C. & Halliwell, V. (2018). A survey to explore the interventions used by occupational therapists and occupational therapy students with refugees and asylum seekers. World Federation of Occupational Therapists Bulletin, 74 (2), 106 – 113.

Trimboli, C., Rivas-Quarneti, N., Blankvoort, N., Roosen, I., Simó Algado, S. & Whiteford, G. (2019). The current and future contribution of occupational therapy and occupational science to transforming the situation of forced migrants: Critical perspectives from a think tank. Journal of Occupational Science, DOI: 

Werge-Olsen, I. B., & Kjersti, V. (2012). Activity as a tool in language training for immigrants and refugees. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 19 (6), 530-541Whiteford, G. (2005). Understanding the occupational deprivation of refugees: A case study from Kosovo. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 72 (2), 78-88.

Yau, M. K. (1997). The impact of refugee resettlement on Southeast Asian adolescents and young adults: Implications for occupational therapists. Occupational Therapy International, 4 (1) 1-16.

Something missing? Get in touch!

Position Papers

World Federation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT). (2014). Position Paper on Human Displacement. Retrieved from:

World Federation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT). (2010). Position Paper on Diversity and Culture. Retrieved from:

World Federation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT). (2006). Position Paper on Human Rights. Retrieved from:

Published chapters

Authored by occupational therapists in texts aimed at practitioners.

Davies, R. (2009). Working with refugees and asylum seekers: Challenging occupational apartheid. In N. Pollard, D. Sakellariou, & F. Kronenberg (Eds.), A political practice of occupational therapy (pp. 183-189). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Limited.

Morville, A., & Erlandsson, L. (2017). Occupational deprivation for asylum seekers. In D. Sakellariou, & N. Pollard (Eds.), Occupational therapies without borders: Integrating justice with practice (pp. 381–389). Edinburgh: Elsevier.

Smith, Y.J. (2017). Occupational Justice & Advocacy: Work with Former Refugees & Asylum Seekers at Personal and Community Levels. In N. Pollard & D. Sakellariou (Eds.), Occupational therapies without borders (pp. 433-440). New York:Elsevier.

Smith, Y.J. (2016). Fostering Cultural Awareness through Fieldwork Experiences with People from a Refugee Background, in S. Wells, R. Black, & J. Gupta (Eds.), Culture & Occupation (3rd Edition) (pp. 333-343). Bethesda, MD: AOTA.

Trimboli, C. (2017). Occupational justice for asylum seeker and refugee children: Issues, effects, and action. In Sakellariou, D. & Pollard, N. (Eds.), Occupational therapies without borders: Integrating justice with practice (pp. 460–467). Edinburgh: Elsevier.

Whiteford, G. (2004). Occupational issues of refugees. In Mollineux M. (Ed.) (2004). Occupation for occupational therapists. Oxford: Blackwell, 183 – 99.

Wilson, C. (2008). Illustrating occupational needs of refugees. In Pollard, N., Sakellariou, D., Kronenberg, F., & van Bruggen, H. (Eds.), A political practice of occupational therapy (pp. 191-196). Edinburgh: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone.

Know about another peer-reviewed chapter? Get in touch!

Doctoral and Masters dissertation 

Adams, E. & Peterson, M. (2018). Occupational justice concerns for Muslim refugees in the United States. (Unpublished Occupational Therapy Capstone, Master of Occupational Therapy, University North Dakota). Retrieved from:

Lund, E. (2012). Refugee Resettlement Through the Lens of Occupational Therapy (Unpublished masters dissertation, School of Occupational Therapy, Puget Sound University). Retrieved from:

Morville, A-L. (2014). Daily occupations among asylum seekers – Experience, performance and perception (unpublished doctoral dissertation, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University). Retrieved from:

Something to add? Get in touch!

Online platforms to engage peers

Occupational Therapy International Online Network (OTION) is a discussion board for occuaptional therapists to exchange on practice, students, education, working and studying overseas, and evidence based practice and research. It is hosted by World Federation of Occuaptional Therapists (WFOT).

Forced Migration 4 OT  is a Facebook group for occupational therapists interested in forced migration. It it part of the suite of OT4OT Facebook groups.

Occupational Therapy Association Special Interest Groups 

Occupational Therapy Australia members can ask to join the mailing list for the Refugee Settlement Special Interest Group for free webinars every two months.

American Occupational Therapy Association has multicultural networking groups, and a group aimed at increasing the diversity of the occupational therapy workforce.

Canadian Association of Occupational Therapy has Occupational Justice for Newcomers Network has a blog.

Online Professional Development – Occupation Focus

WFOT Congress 2018, presenter slides and keynotes. Free.

Online Professional Development – Practice Context Focus

Human Rights Education Association (HERA) delivers short courses online. Fee.

Managing Gender Based Violence in Emergencies (UNPF) excellent online modules. Free.

INCLUDE: A Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) learning community, World Health Organisation. Free.

Online Professional Development – Person Focus

Somatic Symptom Disorder, webinar recording to understand how trauma and distress can often manifest in the body. Free.

Other ideas? Get in touch!

Other resources

World Federation of Occupational Therapists

WFOT 2019 Resource Manual: Occupational Therapy for Displaced Persons.

Open source journals

Middle East Journal of Refugee Studies (MEJRS) is the official open-access, double-blind peer-reviewed, international journal of The International Refugee Rights Association.

Journal of Internal Displacement raises the profile of people who have been displaced and remain within their country. Subscribe for open-access.

Practice skills and standards

United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). (2013). Intercultural competences: Conceptual and operational framework. Retrieved from:

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC). (2018). Minimum standards for protection, gender and inclusion in emergencies. Retrieved from: 


You need a practice supervision even if they do not work in your organisation, or are not an expert working with displaced people.

Use your network, and your professional association to find someone who cares about you, what you are doing, that you respect as a professional.

Current Awareness

Subscribe to table of contents alerts for peer-reviewed journals about human displacement to build a broad multidisciplinary awareness.

Migration Data Portal provides timely and comprehensive migration statistics and reliable information about global migration data.


Eldis provides free access to research on international development issues. There is a collection on migration and country-specific information.

Forced Migration Review is an archive of themed publications on human displacement available in English, Spanish, Arabic, and French.

Refworld is UNHCR’s portal to search for country information, thematic guidelines, and statistics. 

Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford has extensive policy and research publications, including podcasts.

Reliefweb has timely humanitarian information organised by updates, countries, disasters, and thematic topics related to crisis around the world.

Mendeley OOFRAS Network Group for those who manage references with Mendeley.

The idiOTs guide to working with refugees from the earliest OOFRAS site.